U 434

U 434 DEFAULT

Explore one of the largest non-atomic submarines in the world, U-434. It was once used by the Russian Navy for espionage, now it is moored in Hamburg as a submarine museum.

It served the Russian navy in espionage, and now it lies in Hamburg at the St. Pauli Fish Market as a museum. You can visit it all year round.

The Russian submarine U-434 is the largest hunting and espionage submarine in the world, and on the edge of the Port of Hamburg it offers a thrilling peek behind the front of the Cold War. At the same time, it reveals the spartan living conditions that the crew faced underwater.

The Tango-class submarine was built in 1976 at the Russian shipyard Krasnoe Sormovo, in Gorki. It was launched after only 8 months. Up until April 2002, it served the Russian North Sea fleet under the name B-515. It is 90.16 metres long, 8.72 metres wide and has a height of 14.72 metres. The maximum operating depth is 400 metres. The structural design of the U-434 is similar to the Russian submarine Kursk which sank in 2000.

Discover this submarine with the whole family – History that is thrilling and alive!

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Hamburg, in the North of Germany has one of the largest ports in the world and is a city well worth visiting. One of the top attractions is the Soviet Tango class submarine B-515, now renamed U434. The Tango class is a relatively modern submarine and the B-515 was used for reconnaissance and spying. The museum submarine has been left in original state and visitors get a good feeling how life on a cramped diesel submarines must have been. Comtourist visited Hamburg in 2008 and checked out the U-434.

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Tango class submarine U-434 (B-515)
Germany
Hamburg
Versmannstrasse 23C Hamburg
€8,-
Every day from 10.00 to 18.00
www.u-434.de
Excellent

Entrance ticket for the B-515 museum submarine in Hamburg

The B-515 museum submarine

In the years after the fall of the Soviet Union the Russian navy’s budget was dramatically cut. This meant that some creativity was needed to acquire the necessary funds to keep the once so proud Russian navy afloat. One way was selling (obsolete) equipment to the highest bidders. Some European and American businessmen or museum directors ceased the opportunity and bought Soviet submarines to be used as tourist attraction or party location. Currently several soviet submarines can be visited like the: B-39 in Folkestone, B-143 in Zeebrugge, B-413 in Kaliningrad, B-39 in San Diego, B-427 in Long Beach (all Foxtrot class), B-80 in Amsterdam (Zulu class), B-515 in Hamburg (Tango class), U-359 in Nakskov (Whiskey class) and the K-77 in Providence USA (Juliet class). All of these are diesel submarines build in the sixties and seventies of the last century. The list above makes clear that the Tango class is rare as a museum piece, so visiting the U-434 while in Hamburg is time well spend.

The U-434 museum submarine docked in the Hamburg harbour

The U-434 in the Hamburg harbour

Video of the torpedo room

History of the U-434

The submarine B-515 now renamed U-434 was build at the Krasnoe Sormovo shipyard in Gorki in 1976. It was placed into the service of the Soviet North Sea fleet based in Severomorsk near Murmansk and remained in service until 2002. The U-434 was used as espionage submarine and was active during the Cuba crisis, performed spy missions on the US East coast and patrolled the Soviet territorial waters. In 2002 it was bought by the U-boat museum in Hamburg and towed from Murmansk to Germany. The Russians took the weapon systems out but other then that left the sub in original condition. The ship was restored at Blohm und Voss, the most famous German shipyard from Hamburg known for building the Bismarck, Scharnhorst, Admiral Hipper, Wilhelm Gustloff and many of the word war 2 U-boats. Then it was docked on it’s current location in the Baakenhafen and can be visited as a museum. A shop, a visitors centre and a large parking are available near the submarine. The museum submarine can be reached by a 15 minutes walk from Messhafen metro station. There is also a bus shuttle (the Hamburg Hummelbahn) that has a stop near the submarine.

The B-515 towed to its museum location in the Hamburg harbour

The U-434 is arrives in Hamburg

U-434 leaflet with technical specifications of the submarine

U-434 museum logo

The entrance of the B-515 welded on when it became a museum

The entrance of the U-434

U-434 museum facilities

Besides the submarine are there also some other facilities that are part of the museum. There is a visitors centre with photo’s about the history of the U-434 and some artefacts like a torpedo and a door from the U-434. An East 60M electric torpedo is displayed outside. The U-434 has 6 torpedo tubes and can carry 24 torpedo’s. The length of the torpedo is 8.23M with a weight of 2 tons. The torpedo’s were loaded into the vessel along an upper deck ramp trough the torpedo loading hatch. A special loading system made it possible to load 2 torpedo’s at the same time in eight minutes and make the submarine ready for combat. There is also a Russian welding system from the U-434 displayed. A museum shop sells all kind of souvenirs relating to the U-434 and Soviet submarines in general.

The torpedo room

Visitors enter the Soviet project-641b submarine in the front torpedo room via a spiral staircase. Appropriate music and dummy’s in Soviet naval uniforms bring the visitors in the right mood. In this large room the are tow rows with each three torpedo tubes. The first things that strike the visitors is the heat and the enormous amount of tubes, wires, switches, valves, leavers etc. On both side of the room are 3 torpedo holders one original torpedo is still in its storage location. 10 sailors worked in the torpedo room with 24 533mm torpedo’s each weighing 2 tonnes. At the end of the torpedo room is a round hatch leading to the next compartment.

Technical drawing of the torpedo room section of the B-515

The torpedo room

The entrance of the B-515 museum submarine in the Torpedo room

Entrance of the U-434

Torpedo launch tubes in the front torpedo room of the B-515

Launch tubes

The living quarters

From the torpedo room a hatch leads to the next compartment where the rooms for the senior crew and officers mess are located. The hatches between the compartment fairly narrow and on ground level so visitors must put in some effort to go trough. In the centre of the crew compartment runs a narrow hallway. The officers mess is the largest room in this compartment, it is actually quit spacious considering the limited room available in the cramped submarine. Interesting detail is a picture of the statue of liberty in New York photographed from a submarines telescope. It is unclear if this is a creative element added by the German museum staff or an original picture from the submarine. The U-434 being a spy submarine would make it possible that this is a trophy shot to remember a successful spying mission!

Technical drawing of the living quarters section of the B-515

The living quarters

The officers mess of the B-515 with a large table in the centre

The officers mess

The Statue of Liberty seen from a submarine the periscope

Picture of the statue of liberty

Other rooms in the staff compartment are a the captains room, the medical room, some officers cabins shared by 4 persons each, a toilet and a washing room. Each of these rooms has very little space and often multiple functions. Dummies dressed in Russian navy outfit are placed in many rooms to enhance the experience. At the end of the corridor is a staircase that leads to the battery room below and to the command bridge above in the sail area of the submarine. The command bridge was not open for visitors during our visit.

The hull and sail of the U-434

The project-641b (Tango class) submarine build in 1976 has the looks and characteristics of a modern submarine. It is tall, round and streamlined where its predecessors like the Zulu and Foxtrot class still look like world war 2 submarines. The sail has six windows typical for Soviet submarines used for navigation when the submarine in not submerged. Currently a round chamber welded on the front site of the hull that as used as the entrance. Two of the torpedo launch tubes are visible above the water on the bow. The two wings used for manoeuvring are extracted with their place is the hull sealed.

The B-515 in Hamburg renamed U434 by the new German owners

The back

B-515 sail with various communication and navigation devices

The sail

The bow of the Hamburg B-515 Tango class Museum submarine

The bow

It is possible to walk around and have a look on the deck of the U-434. Both on the front and the back are an escape hatch painted in clearly visible red and white. It would have been possible to use an rescue submarine to save the crew in case the submarine sunk until a debt of 60 meters. There is also an escape system that does not require and rescue submarine that in theory should work until a debt of 80 meters. This requires the compartment to be flooded. Crew members will the be shot to the service with compressed air. Soviet submarine sailors trained this escape method of a debt of 30 meters. In practice it did not prove to be a very safe escape method. Submarines have an outer and an inner hull. Visitors can see the room between the outer and pressure hull when going down in the U-434 via the entrance.

Front rudder on the bow of the B-515 Tango class submarine

The bow with rudder

Hatch to load torpedo’s on the stern of the B-515 Tango submarine

The stern with escape hatch

Space between the outer and pressure hull of the Tango submarine

The pressure hull

The control room

At the end of the living quarters is a pair of stairs, on goes down a level to a battery room the other one goes up a level to the submarine control room. Unfortunately was the control room closed during our visit of the U-434, normally it should be open to the public. The control room is partially situated in the submarine’s sail but is part of the pressure hull. The equipment in the control room of was state of the art technology during the U-434’s deployment in the cold war. The captain and the helmsman have their seats in the control room from where they operate the submarine. There is also a map room for the navigation of the sub in the control room.

Technical drawing of the control room section of the B-515

Control room

The bridge of the B-515 from where the submarine is sailed

Instruments

The steering unit in the control room of the B-515 submarine

steering unit

Below the control room and the living quarters is the auxiliary machinery room responsible for powering the submarines various sub systems. The bottom part of the periscope is positioned in the middle of the corridor of this area. Soviet sailor dummies create a realistic atmosphere in this are with many switches and leavers.

Many water pipes, switches, leavers and instruments in the B-515

Equipment

Periscope visible in the middle of the battery room of the B-515

Part of the periscope

Sailor of the Soviet Baltic fleet in the auxiliary machinery room

Sailor in the machine room

The next area is the living quarters for the sailors where the majority of the submarine crew live. Here are a relaxing area with a big table where sailors would probably eat and recreate, a kitchen, toilets and sleeping cabins for officers. A total of 84 navy men (16 officers, 16 NCO’s and 52 sailors) manned the submarine during deployment. The sailors sleep in field beds on the lower decks, three cooks are responsible for providing meals to the submarine crew.

Technical drawing the crew quarters section of the B-515

Crew area

Mess for the lower ranking crew on the B-515 Tango class submarine

Sitting table in the crew area

Stairs to the area where the Tango submarine has only one tier

Entering the crew area using the stairs

The diesel engine room

The next compartment is the control room for the diesel engines, with three similar control systems for the submarines three diesel engines. The 6 cylinder turbo diesel engines use a fuel injection system only now used in modern truck engines. The engines are compact, fuel efficient, quit and are even today considered as modern diesel engines.

Technical drawing the B-515 submarine engine room section

The engine rooms

Diesel engine room control panel with many clocks and switches

Lot’s of clocks and switches

Panels with series of instruments in the diesel engine room

Instrument panels

Between the three consoles used for the operation of the diesel engines are the engine telegraphs. The telegraphs (one per engine) are used by the commanders in the control room to dictate the engine speed. The electrical engine has a similar telegraph system.

Control panels for each of the three submarine diesel engines

Instrument panels for the 3 diesel engines

Corridor between the batteries in the B-515 electric engine room

The diesel engine room

The electric engine room

Next room is the electric engine room, here are three electric engines allowing the submarine to stay submerged for 90 minutes sailing top speed. The batteries, placed in other compartments deliver a total capacity of 16.000 Ah (a car battery has 60 ah). The batteries are being recharged when the submarine sails on the service with its diesel engines. There is one small additional ultra quit electric engine used for spying missions when the submarine needs to stay undetected.

The diesel engine room with the three diesel engines visible

Three electric engines

One of three panels to control the electric engines of the B-515

Control equipment

Box with switches to operate a system in the electrical room

Switches

The stern section

The last section in the stern of the submarine houses the drink water tanks, the fire prevention system (a kind of foam as water can not be used in an electric environment and the hydraulic system for the site and dept rudders. The five bladed propeller of the ship is also displayed in this part of the submarine. The more blades a ship has the quieter it can operate, hence the five blades for this spying submarine.

Technical drawing the stern section of the B-515 submarine

The stern section

Screw propeller and sailor displayed in the submarine stern

Rear of the submarine

Submarine propeller screw in the rear of the Tango class submarine

Submarine screw propeller

Conclusion

There are not many modern Soviet submarines converted to museum ships, the U-434 is probably one of the most interesting Soviet submarines that can be visited around the world. The submarine is in original state, with many added decoration which gives the feeling it could depart on a mission at any moment. Hamburg’s harbour is one of the biggest in the world, a visit of the U-434 can very well be combined with a harbour port tour. Comtourist recommends anybody to visit the U-434 who is in the neighbourhood of the famous hanseatic city.

Warehouses in Hamburg seen from the water during a port tour

Combine a visit of the U-434 with a Hamburg port tour

Technical data: Project 641B (Tango class) attack submarine

Type
Country
Class
Nato designation
Power Plant
Builders
Crew
Length
Speed
Total build
Commissioned
Armament
Spy/attack submarine
USSR
Project 641B
Tango class
Diesel and electric
Krasnoe Sormovo, Gorki
84 Men
90m
18 knots (surfaced)
18
1972
6 bow torpedo tubes
Soviet Tango class submarine at full speed in rough sees

History of the Soviet Project 641B submarine

The project 641B (Tango class) diesel submarine is a third generation Soviet diesel submarine and was the successor of the project 641 (Foxtrot class). The Tango’s larger hull compared to earlier Soviet diesel subs enabled it to have a significant higher battery capacity, also makes the clean lined hull it much quieter than its predecessors. The Tango can stay under water for more then a week before it has to snorkel and recharge the batteries. The overall performance of the Tango came very close to it’s nuclear counterparts. The first Tango was completed in 1973 at the Krasnoe Sormovo ship yard in Gorky. A total of 18 Tango’s were build in 2 versions.

Drawing of a Tango class submarine with various torpedo’s

Drawing of a project 641b (Tango class submarine)

The Tango class deployed by the Soviet and Russian Black Sea and Northern Fleet. The Tango’s roll was to engage enemy surface forces and submarines and to protect friendly convoys. Also would they be used in an ’ambush’ role against NATO warships operating at choke-points on the sea lanes. Most units of the Tango class were retired in 1995, four boats supposedly remain operational and six are kept in service with the Russian navy’s Northern Fleet at Polyarny , they are probably in a very bad state however. Besides the B-515 (U-434) in Hamburg is there also the B-396 on display as museum boat in the new Navy museum in Moscow.

Soviet Tango class submarine on the service in calm waters

Tango class submarine

Two Tango class submarines in the icy port of Murmansk Russia

Two Tango’s docked in Russian port

Sours: http://www.comtourist.com/history/u-434-submarine/
  1. Creepy usernames generator
  2. Spartan air lift
  3. Family guy 2003

U-434 submarine, Hamburg

  

 

Hamburg U-434A Russiansubmarine, used by the Sovietnavy during the Cold Waron spying missions, now permanently moored as a floating museum in the harbour of Hamburg. 

>More background info

>What there is to see

>Location

>Access and costs

>Time required

>Combinations with other dark destinations

>Combinations with non-dark destinations

>Photos

   

More background info: Current tourist brochures in Hamburg advertise the U-434 as "one of the largest submarines in the world" – which is only true, though, if you add: of those that are/were conventionally powered. Nuclear powered submarines are usually much, much bigger. The U-434 is nowhere near the huge size of, say, the "Kursk" or the "Le Redoutable".

  

It belongs to a type of submarine code-named "Tango Class" by NATO during the Cold War. Its total length of 300 feet / 90m sounds like a lot, but inside it's still as typically cramped and claustrophobic as you'd expect, e.g. from having seen movies like "Das Boot" ('the boat'). The vessel was built in the mid 1970s and only decommissioned in 2002, when it was bought by a German enthusiast. Before it could be turned into the private museum it is today, it had to be 'de-militarized' by the Russian navy, i.e. significant portions of (presumably sensitive) electronic gear were removed, weaponry disarmed and so on. Still, much of the interior of the submarine is in its original state.

  

But why is it listed here as part of dark tourism? Well, the 'dark' attraction lies in the fact that the U-434 allows you to glimpse into a formerly secret world, a glimpse behind the former Iron Curtain, as it were. After all, this vessel was an active participant in the Cold War, and a highly secretive one at that: spying missions included forays right up the coast of the USA.

  

In addition, the visitor today gets the 'thrill' of the kind of claustrophobia that the inside of such a submarine generates – esp. in the knowledge of the fact that its crews back in its active days not only had to endure the intensely cramped living conditions but also risked their lives (remember the "Kursk" …). The emergency escape hatches were only usable up to a certain diving depth, which was frequently exceeded by a wide margin when on missions.

  

Today, the U-434 could not be reactivated, in particular due to the addition of entrance and exit cut-aways into which spiral staircases have been built to allow for easier visitor access – so diving would now be an impossibility.   

 

  

What there is to see: Note: when I visited the U-434 (in May 2008) it was still in its previous location in the Baakenhafen, before it was moved to its present more central location. The interior of the boat should still be the same, but outside exhibits as well as the locations of the shop and the entrance/exit to/from boat may have changed.

  

UPDATE: I've recently revisited and can confirm that nothing significant has changed, but I may add a few newer photos soon.  

  

You entered the submarine at the entrance at the bow, which takes you straight into the torpedo room. Several torpedoes are still in situ (unarmed, obviously). Even though the torpedo room is actually one of the largest single sections of the submarine, you already get a pretty good impression of the cramped living conditions: sleeping bunks hanging right over the torpedoes. The bunks were used 'in rotation' – there were only half as many as there were crew members, so they had to take turns sleeping in them.

  

The next section you enter is the officers' mess and living quarters. The special 'treat' here is the communal dining table for eight or so people – which had to double up as an emergency operating theatre. Obviously, on a mission far from home, possibly even in enemy waters, there wouldn't have been any alternative to operating on board. The lamps over the table indicate this double function.

    

Next are the captain's quarters, officers' sleeping bunks, the galley (the ship's cook was regarded as the most important man on board!), and the 'bridge' under the turret, and finally equipment and engine rooms with diesel, electric engine and a special alternate engine for 'silent running'. Again, the cramped conditions even in the officers' living quarters are impressive.

  

To illustrate this further, a few 'display dummies' in original uniforms have been placed inside the cabins – which, however, creates quite a museum effect. The same cannot be said about the lavatories – only two (for 86 crew!), and they had to double up as shower rooms too. Overall, the impression created here feels pretty close to authentic, including the Cyrillic labels from the old Soviet days.

  

The lack of space really gets to you – it certainly isn't something for people who suffer from claustrophobia. At least visitors today don't have to endure the 'climatic conditions' that must have made things much worse for the crews back in the vessel's active days (think heat and stench – of everything mixed … after all, airing the boat was possible only on few occasions). While on mission, the boat only rarely went to the surface, but rather stayed submerged most of the time. Today, with the boat permanently at the surface and well aired, the only smells a vistor has to cope with is a mild aroma of tar and oil.

  

One artefact on display drives home the life-risking nature of the submariners' missions: it's a rather crude wooden plug, or peg, to be called into action if the boat ever sprung a leak. You really don't want to imagine having to rely on such crude aids for survival …

  

At the stern another spiral staircase leads back out to a gangway connecting the exit with the quayside. Back on land, another torpedo was on display (popular with children clambering around on it). A small shop sells, apart from tickets, all kinds of maritime and Soviet memorabilia as well as books, brochures, videos, postcards, etc.

 

  

Location: now near the centre of Hamburg's harbour, at the northern bank of the river Elbe, i.e. the one facing the city, between the touristy areas of the Fischmarkt and Landungsbrücken; official address: St Pauli Fischmarkt 28.

 

Google maps locator:[53.545,9.955]

 

  

Access and costs: now quite easy; neither cheap nor excessive price-wise.

  

Details: Quite easily walkable from either Landungsbrücken (where there is both a metro (U-Bahn) and regional metro train (S-Bahn) station) or Reeperbahn (S-Bahn). From the former walk west along the river embankment towards Fischmarkt, for about two thirds of a mile (1 km). From S-Bahn Reeperbahn take the western exit and turn left into Pepermölenbek street, which leads down to the Fischmarkt, at the bottom of the street turn left and cross the road (St Pauli Fischmarkt) to get to the waterfront, where you should already see the sub (about half a mile/700m walk). This is a far more accessible location than the previous mooring out in the eastern end of the Baakenhafen (in what is being developed as the new "HafenCity").  

  

In theory you can explore the submarine on your own just fine – but here a guided tour really does make sense. Only on guided tours are you are allowed access to the 'bridge' section of the boat, moreover the explanations by the guides really bring the place to life as you learn things that you would otherwise mostly miss out on, for instance that operation-theatre-cum-dining table story.

  

Admission to the submarine museum is 9 EUR (children 6 EUR, senior citizens 7 EUR). For 5 EUR on top of that you can join a guided tour, lasting 45 minutes and taking place half-hourly, pre-registration recommended due to small group sizes (max 5-6 persons at a time).

  

Opening times: daily all year round, from 9 a.m. to 8 p.m Monday to Saturday, Sundays from 11 a.m. (changes due to weather or special events can occur, better check ahead).

  

Note: not only can the atmosphere in the cramped interior of the submarine be psychologically taxing – serious claustrophobes better stay away! – but moving around can also be physically difficult, esp. if you're of a larger build. None of the crew were ever taller than 5' 4'' – and that restriction was in place for good reasons! In particular you have to take care not to slip or bang your head on a handle when getting from one section to the next through those round hatches.

 

  

Time required: Guided tours take about 45 minutes – and that's perfectly sufficient too when exploring the boat on your own. In fact, you'd probably get through it and back out quicker if you visit as an individual, i.e. if you don't have the guide's commentary.

 

  

Combinations with other dark destinations: in general see Hamburg – closest to the new mooring location of the sub is the Bismarck monument. And a bit further to the east just north of the Speicherstadt is the Nikolaikirche memorial.

  

Closer to the Reeperbahn S-Bahn station, and possibly worth the small detour, is the old Jewish cemetery on Königstraße, the western continuation of the Reeperbahn. The cemetery is on the northern side of the street, just a few hundred yards from the Reeperbahn – if it's not open you can at least have a good look through the fence.

 

  

Combinations with non-dark destinations: the new location of the sub is now very handy for some of Hamburg's prime tourist areas, the Fischmarkt and the Landungsbrücken. The former literally means 'fish market', though today the actual Sunday market hardly revolves around fish any more but is rather a purely touristy spectacle, and a rather tacky one these days. The whole area has been developed into an ensemble of shops, exhibitions and restaurants.

  

Landungsbrücken is the most touristically developed section of Hamburg's waterfront – including the actual landing stages where most of the ever popular harbour boat trips ('große Hafenrundfahrt') sail from. Tip: if you want to go on such a tour, avoid the really big boats and rather pick one of the smaller, lower ones ('launches' – "Barkasse" in German), moored on the inside between the main Landungsbrücken pontoons and the embankment, and especially further upstream towards the Speicherstadt. These much more manoeuverable boats get to parts of the harbour that the big ones cannot access … and they often have more "character" too, in the form of cheeky tour guides.

  

If that is too "touristified" for you, you can alternatively also get one of the regular Elbe ferry boats to explore the harbour independently. These ferries are even part of the public transport network of Hamburg, the HVV, and largely use the same ticket system. Their primary function is to cart employees of the various businesses in the harbour to their workplace and back, but they can be used by anyone. Especially interesting are the lines 73, 61 and 62 (but note that some only operate weekdays). In order to get your bearings in those parts of the harbour it is useful to have a proper map covering them – most tourist city maps end at the shores of the Elbe and thus do not cover the southern areas of the "real" harbour at all – as opposed to the "tourist" harbour parts at the Landungsbrücken, Speicherstadt and Fischmarkt.

  

A compromise is the useful (independently, commercially operated) Maritime Circle Line, a slightly more touristy outfit, but also going into parts of the real harbour, with stops at the Harbour Museum as well as the BallinStadt. Boats leave Landungsbrücken 10 five times a day (every two hours, on the hour between 10 a.m. and 6 p.m.; only three times between 12 noon and 4 p.m. in winter) for a flat rate of 8 EUR independently of how often you get off and reboard – which makes it a good deal if you get out at various points.

  

 

Sours: https://www.dark-tourism.com/index.php/germany/15-countries/individual-chapters/206-u-434-submarine
U-Boot U-434 U-BOOTMUSEUM HAMBURG

uboat.net

List of all U-boats

Type

VIIC

 
Ordered23 Sep 1939
Laid down20 Jan 1940F Schichau GmbH, Danzig (werk 1475)
Launched15 Mar 1941
Commissioned21 Jun 1941Kptlt. Wolfgang Heyda
Commanders
Career
1 patrol
21 Jun 1941-1 Nov 1941  7. Flottille (training)
1 Nov 1941-18 Dec 1941  7. Flottille (active service)
SuccessesNo ships sunk or damaged
Fate

Sunk on 18 December 1941 in the North Atlantic north of Madeira, in position 36.15N, 15.48W, by depth charges from the British escort destroyer HMS Blankney and the British destroyer HMS Stanley. 2 dead and 42 survivors.

Loss position

View the 1 war patrol

Wolfpack operations

U-434 operated with the following Wolfpacks during its career:
   Steuben (14 Nov 1941 - 1 Dec 1941)
   Seeräuber (15 Dec 1941 - 18 Dec 1941)

Men lost from U-boats

Unlike many other U-boats, which during their service lost men due to accidents and various other causes, U-434 did not suffer any casualties (we know of) until the time of her loss.

U-boat Emblems

We have 1 emblem entry for this boat. See the emblem page for this boat or view emblems individually below.





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Sours: https://uboat.net/boats/u434.htm

434 u

Museums U-434 Submarine Museum

When people think of German films, Wolfgang Petersen’s 1981 war film Das Boot is sure to be one of the first that comes to mind. Those who have seen it won't soon forget the claustrophobia of the titular submarine. If you're eager to experience that sense of claustrophobia first-hand, then a visit to U-434 in Hamburg's harbour is a must. 

Docked in front of the Fischmarkt market hall, the Soviet-built submarine from the mid-1970s is still fully operational. But its days of stealthy underwater missions are behind it, having remained in Hamburg since 2002 serving as a museum dedicated to the horrors of war.

This Tango-class sub is a lot bigger than the U-91 from Petersen's film. In fact, at 90.16 metres in length, it is among the longest non-atomic submarines in the world. However, considering that it was built to accommodate up to 78 men, those 90.16 metres don't seem so roomy, and on your tour you can witness the crew's cramped quarters for yourself, along with the officers' mess and the engine and torpedo rooms. If you want to see the ship's bridge, then a guided tour is a must. Your tour guide will also ensure you get all the background information necessary to get as much out of your visit as possible. 

Address:

U-Bootmuseum Hamburg GmbH
St. Pauli Fischmarkt 10, 20359 Hamburg
0049 +40 3200 4934
[email protected]

Opening Hours:

Mon ─ Sat 9 a.m. ─ 8 p.m.
Sun 11 a.m. ─ 8 p.m.

Note:

Individuals with claustrophobic conditions may do well to skip this attraction, and those with physical disabilities should be aware that wheelchairs cannot be used due to a lack of space.

For more information please see the website of Hamburg Travel.

KM1 Con Prinz U-434

SightsFish Market

Every Sunday morning, the Hamburg Fish Market by the Elbe attracts thousands of visitors, night owls and early birds alike!​​​​​​​

A museum ship since 1983, the three-masted Rickmer Rickmers is one of Hamburg harbour’s most popular attractions.

This former firefighter ship turned event location and hotel is anchored in the harbour next door to the spectacular Elbphilharmonie Hamburg.​​​​​​

Former cargo ship MS Cap San Diego is a floating museum and more. Visit the exhibits and then book a night aboard the ship!

Spectacular views, historic waterfront buildings and a public transport hub? Look no further than St. Pauli's Landungsbrücken.​

The city of Hamburg has a hanseatic history of trade, autonomy and economic power, but also of hardship and war.

Sours: https://www.hamburg.com/museums/11750172/u-434/
U 434

For other ships of the same name, see U-434.

German submarine U-434
Career
Name:U-434
Ordered: 23 September 1939
Builder:Schichau-Werke, Danzig
Yard number: 1475
Laid down: 20 January 1940
Launched: 15 March 1941
Commissioned: 21 June 1941
Fate: Sunk, 18 December 1941
General characteristics
Type:Type VIICsubmarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke M6V 40/46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296
Speed: 17.7 knots (20.4 mph; 32.8 km/h) surfaced
7.6 knots (8.7 mph; 14.1 km/h) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers & ratings
Armament: • 5 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes (4 bow, 1 stern)
• 14 × torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
• 1 × C35 88mm gun/L45 deck gun (220 rounds)
• Various AA guns
Service record
Part of:7th U-boat Flotilla
(21 June–18 December 1941)
Commanders: Kapitänleutnant z.S. Wolfgang Heyda
(21 June–18 December 1941)
Operations: 1st patrol: 2 November–18 December 1941
Victories: None

German submarine U-434 was a Type VIICU-boat of the GermanKriegsmarine during World War II.

The U-boat was laid down on 20 January 1940 at the Schichau-Werke yard, Danzig, launched on 15 March 1941, and commissioned on 21 June 1941, KapitänleutnantWolfgang Heyda commanding.[1]

U-434 sailed from Kristiansand, Norway on 2 November 1941, on her first and only war patrol. On 18 December, U-434 was sunk in the North Atlantic north of Madeira, Portugal, in position 36.15N, 15.48W. The U-boat was forced to the surface by depth charges from the British escort destroyer HMS Blankney and the destroyer HMS Stanley. There were 2 dead and 42 survivors.

References[]

Notes
Bibliography

External links[]

Coordinates: 36°15′N15°48′W / 36.25°N 15.8°W / 36.25; -15.8

Sours: https://military.wikia.org/wiki/German_submarine_U-434

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Name.

Rank.

English Equivalent.

Age.

Heyda, Wolfgang KapitänleutnantLieutenant-Commander28
Janus, Klaus Leutnant zur See Sub-Lieutenant29
Oesterlen, Friedrich Leutnant (Ing.) Engineer Sub-Lieutenant 28
Rothe, Rudolf ObermaschinistChief Mechanician, 1st Class 27
Kloss, Walter ObermaschinistChief Mechanician, 1st Class 27
Lehn, Wilhelm ObersteuermannChief Q.M., 1st Class 32
Lüdtke, Paul BootsmannsmaatBoatswain's Mate 2nd Class 20
Böhm, Gerhard BootsmannsmaatBoatswain's Mate 2nd Class 25
Huffmeyer, Friedrich BootsmannsmaatBoatswain's Mate 2nd Class 31
Schwartz, Werner MaschinenmaatMechanician, 2nd Class 24
Pfeiffer, Erich MaschinenmaatMechanician, 2nd Class 21
Hassler, Wilhelm MaschinenmaatMechanician, 2nd Class 23
Leidig, Friedrich MaschinenmaatMechanician, 2nd Class 23
Deeken, Anton MaschinenmaatMechanician, 2nd Class 25
Grüschow, Heinz MaschinenmaatMechanician, 2nd Class 25
Kleemann, Ernst MechanikersmaatP.O. Artificer, 2nd Class 21
Meinert, Rudi MatrosenobergefreiterAble Seaman 21
Fehr, Emil MatrosenobergefreiterAble Seaman 25
Schmidt, Gerhard MatrosenobergefreiterAble Seaman 25
Jäger, Heinrich MatrosenobergefreiterAble Seaman 22
Hasselroth, Wilhelm FunkobergefreiterTelegraphist26
Körnig, Kurt MechanikerobergefreiterArtificer, 1st Class 20
Petzoldt, Gottfried MatrosengefreiterOrd. Seaman, 1st Class 21
Böttner, Egon MatrosengefreiterOrd. Seaman, 1st Class 20
Hildenbrand, Karl MatrosengefreiterOrd. Seaman, 1st Class 22
Unger, Rudolf MatrosengefreiterOrd. Seaman, 1st Class 21
Koch, Johanes MatrosengefreiterOrd. Seaman, 1st Class 19
Maslonka, Hans MatrosengefreiterOrd. Seaman, 1st Class 20
Sallier, Walter MaschinengefreiterStoker, 2nd Class 19
Conen, Herbert MaschinengefreiterStoker, 2nd Class 20
Bothe, Karl-Heinz MaschinengefreiterStoker, 2nd Class 21
Flemmig, Karl MaschinengefreiterStoker, 2nd Class 19
Imfeld, Anton MaschinengefreiterStoker, 2nd Class 21
Mölders, Walter MaschinengefreiterStoker, 2nd Class 20
Stockmar, Kurt MaschinengefreiterStoker, 2nd Class 18
Armborst, Bertold MaschinengefreiterStoker, 2nd Class 20
Claas, Ernst MaschinengefreiterStoker, 2nd Class 19
Braun, Ernst FunkgefreiterOrd. Telegraphist, 1st Class 21
Bräuner, Kurt FunkgefreiterOrd. Telegraphist, 1st Class 20
Wegner, Helmut MechanikergefreiterArtificer, 2nd Class 21
Hannemann, otto MechanikergefreiterArtificer, 2nd Class 20
Zeller, Georg MatroseStoker, 3rd Class 19
 
Sours: http://www.uboatarchive.net/U-434A/U-434INT.htm


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