⚛️ React Swiper.js Slider
In fact, today's article is devoted not only to how to make a specific slider, which you could see on the preview of this post, but also in general how to implement various simple sliders on React without putting much effort.
The slider that I will give you today as an example is part of my separate project. The slider itself is made in the form of many columns, each of which is a structure that is divided into countries and inside each column there is information about the artists of these countries.
First, we need to connect the Swiper.js. You can follow the link and download it, or connect it via using the line in the console. You can read all the documentation on the official page in the React section.
Since I was creating a slider in CodePen, I connected the link through the settings in the section.
To get the links, click on the button, then select the section.
We also need to connect for the correct rendering of slides. (You can always change the styles as you like).
To get the link, click on the button, then select the section.
First of all, we need to create a Class, inside which we will specify the characteristics of the slider and also render a container for slides.
- slidesPerView - Number of slides per view (slides visible at the same time on slider's container). (Personally, I specified auto because I wanted the slider to look more natural, but if you don't want to bother with the size of the slides, you can just specify the number of slides that should fit on the screen at a time.)
- slidesPerGroup - Set numbers of slides to define and enable group sliding. Useful to use with slidesPerView > 1. (The property is necessary so that when you finish turning the slider to the end, you would be thrown to the very beginning of the slider, so that you do not have to turn back. It is necessary for long sliders.)
- loop - Set to true to enable continuous loop mode.
- freeMode - If enabled then slides will not have fixed positions. You can stop the slider at any convenient scrolling point.
- containerSlider - You can name this class as you like, it is needed in order to set the dimensions of the entire slider.
- swiper-container & swiper-wrapper - these classes should be left in the form in which they are written. They are needed for the slider to work correctly.
You can find most of the other properties on the official website in the API section.
03. Creating Slides
After we have created a container for the slider and specified its properties, it is necessary to work out the appearance of the slides. As I mentioned earlier, the slider consists of , each of which is a , and inside each section there is a brief information about the of these countries.
I decided to make all the slides in size, but you can set a different size for each slide using the pseudo-class .
will be represented inside each slide.
To do this, we need to create a function inside which we will work out the of the slide. You can call it whatever you want, I personally called it .
Inside the function, we have specified special with which we can fill in .
Now we just need to fill the slider with content, inside which we will add the information we need.
To do this, we need to create a class inside which we need to specify the class using the tags.
And inside the tag, we must individually insert as many slides as we need. We will do this using the class, in which we prescribed the of the slides.
Here's what it looks like in general:
It remains only to render the class and everything is ready.
The site is adapted for screen resolutions such as:
Finally, it is worth saying that this is not the most ideal way to create a slider, and I agree with you. If I were making a similar slider in a real project, I would output it through an object, and would create significantly more components. But I wrote this post in order to just give a simple understanding for beginners how to make such sliders.
Thank you for giving your precious time to my post. See you soon.
I can advise you to subscribe to my Twitter, I also post my work there.
Goodbye. Have a good slide.
A library to use Swiper as a ReactJs component
Swiper - is the free and most modern mobile touch slider with hardware accelerated transitions and amazing native behavior.
It is intended to be used in mobile websites, mobile web apps, and mobile native/hybrid apps. Designed mostly for iOS, but also works great on latest Android, Windows Phone 8 and modern Desktop browsers.
Swiper is not compatible with all platforms, it is a modern touch slider which is focused only on modern apps/platforms to bring the best experience and simplicity. Swiper does work well with Gatsby.
|ContainerEl||String||'div'||Element type for container|
|containerClass||String||swiper-container||Swiper container class name|
|WrapperEl||String||'div'||Element type for wrapper|
|wrapperClass||String||swiper-wrapper||Swiper wrapper class name|
|slideClass||String||swiper-slide||Swiper slide class name|
|shouldSwiperUpdate||Boolean||false||Update swiper when component is updated|
|rebuildOnUpdate||Boolean||false||Rebuild swiper when component is updated|
|noSwiping||Boolean||false||Disable swiping by condition|
|activeSlideKey||String||null||Initial slide index|
|renderPrevButton||function||Render props function for prev button|
|renderNextButton||function||Render props function for next button|
|renderScrollbar||function||Render props function for scrollbar|
|renderPagination||function||Render props function for pagination|
|renderParallax||function||Render props function for parallax|
If you want to use Swiper custom build to reduce bundle size, you need to use extra props below.
|modules||array||Array of Swiper necessary modules|
- From version 2.0.0, it requires React & ReactDOM ver >=16.8.0 to use Hooks
- From version 2.4.0, it requires Swiper ver >= 5.0.0
Swiper stylesheet file is required
Use Swiper stylesheet file from CDN
Or from Swiper package
You should import directly from package which supports css, scss and less
Numerous live examples:
Navigation, Pagination, Pagination / Dynamic Bullets, Progress Pagination, Fraction Pagination, Custom Pagination, Scrollbar, Vertical slider, Space Between Slides, Mutiple Slides Per View, Auto Slides Per View / Carousel Mode, Centered Slides, Centered Slides + Auto Slides Per View, Free Mode / No Fixed Positions, Scroll Container, Multiple Row Slides Layout, Nested Swipers, Grab Cursor, Loop Mode / Infinite Loop, Loop Mode With Multiple Slides Per Group, Fade Effect, 3D Cube Effect, 3D Coverflow Effect, 3D Flip Effect, Mousewheel-control, Auto Play, Thumbs Gallery With Two-way Control, RTL Layout, Parallax, Lazyload Image, Responsive Breakpoints, Manipulating component outside Swiper, Customized Component
Manipulating swiper from outside swiper component
Custom build Swiper
You can find the WORKING DEMO REPO HERE
- If you use Webpack & Babel you need to setup Babel loader config in like below:
Adding customized css classes
Adding customized components
For customized rendering to work, you have to use same classname with params el.
Each slide should be wrapped by HTML element
BAD CODE 👎
GOOD CODE 👍
Please use the prepared Codesanbox below to reproduce your issue. Thank you!!
See also the list of contributors who participated in this project.
This project is licensed under the MIT License - see the LICENSE file for details
How to use
If you are upgrading from Swiper 6 to Swiper 7, check out Migration Guide to Swiper 7
Swiper React is available only via NPM as a part of the main Swiper library:
exports 2 components: and :
By default Swiper React uses core version of Swiper (without any additional modules). If you want to use Navigation, Pagination and other modules, you have to install them first. Here is the list of additional modules imports:
- - Virtual Slides module
- - Keyboard Control module
- - Mousewheel Control module
- - Navigation module
- - Pagination module
- - Scrollbar module
- - Parallax module
- - Free Mode module
- - Grid module
- - Slides manipulation module (only for Core version)
- - Zoom module
- - Lazy module
- - Controller module
- - Accessibility module
- - History Navigation module
- - Hash Navigation module
- - Autoplay module
- - Fade Effect module
- - Cube Effect module
- - Flip Effect module
- - Coverflow Effect module
- - Cards Effect module
- - Creative Effect module
- - Thumbs module
Note, Swiper React component will create required elements for Navigation, Pagination and Scrollbar if you pass these params without specifying its elements (e.g. without , , etc.)
Swiper package contains different sets of CSS, Less and SCSS styles:
- - only core Swiper styles
- - all Swiper styles including all modules styles (like Navigation, Pagination, etc.)
Modules styles (not required if you already imported bundle styles):
- - styles required for A11y module
- - styles required for Autoplay module
- - styles required for Controller module
- - styles required for Cards Effect module
- - styles required for Coverflow Effect module
- - styles required for Creative Effect module
- - styles required for Cube Effect module
- - styles required for Fade Effect module
- - styles required for Flip Effect module
- - styles required for Free Mode module
- - styles required for Grid module
- - styles required for Hash Navigation module
- - styles required for History module
- - styles required for Keyboard module
- - styles required for Lazy module
- - styles required for Manipulation module
- - styles required for Mousewheel module
- - styles required for Navigation module
- - styles required for Pagination module
- - styles required for Parallax module
- - styles required for Scrollbar module
- - styles required for Thumbs module
- - styles required for Virtual module
- - styles required for Zoom module
For Less styles replace with in imports paths, e.g.:
For SCSS styles replace with in imports paths, e.g.:
React component receive all Swiper parameters as component props, plus some extra props:
|Main Swiper container HTML element tag|
|Swiper wrapper HTML element tag|
|Callback that receives Swiper instance|
Also it supports all Swiper events in format. For example event becomes prop:
|Swiper Slide HTML element tag|
|Enables additional wrapper required for zoom mode|
|Actual swiper slide index. Required to be set for virtual slides|
SwiperSlide render function
component can accept render function that receives an object with the following properties:
- - true when current slide is active
- - true when current slide is the previous from active
- - true when current slide is the next from active
- - true when current slide is visible ( Swiper parameter must be enabled)
- - true when current slide is a duplicate slide (when mode enabled) For example:
Swiper React uses "slots" for content distribution. There are 4 slots available
- - element will be added to the beginning of swiper-container
- (default) - element will be added to the end of swiper-container
- - element will be added to the beginning of swiper-wrapper
- - element will be added to the end of swiper-wrapper
Will be rendered as:
Virtual Slides rendering here is fully handled by React and not required anything except setting property and setting on slides:
Controller requires to pass one Swiper instance to another:
For two-way control (when both Swipers control each other) it should be like this:
Same as with controller we need to store thumbs instance and pass it to main gallery:
The following effects are available:
To use effects you have to import and install them first (as all other modules).
You can find running effect demos here.
Full Fade Effect Example
As you see it is really easy to integrate Swiper into your website or app. So here are your next steps:
Js react swiper
Swiper is the most modern free mobile touch slider with hardware accelerated transitions and amazing native behavior. It is intended to be used in mobile websites, mobile web apps, and mobile native/hybrid apps.
Swiper is not compatible with all platforms, it is a modern touch slider which is focused only on modern apps/platforms to bring the best experience and simplicity.
Swiper, along with other great components, is a part of Framework7 - a fully-featured framework for building iOS & Android apps. Swiper is also a default slider component in the Ionic Framework.
1:1 Touch movementBy default, Swiper provides 1:1 touch movement interaction, but this ratio can be configured through Swiper settings
Mutation ObserverSwiper has an option to enable Mutation Observer, with this feature Swiper will be automatically reinitialized and recalculate all required parameters if you make dynamic changes to the DOM, or in Swiper styles itself
Rich APISwiper comes with a very rich API. It allows creating your own pagination, navigation buttons, parallax effects and many more
Full True RTL SupportSwiper is the only slider that provides 100% RTL support with correct layout
Multi Row Slides LayoutSwiper allows a multiple row slides layout, with a few slides per column
Transition EffectsThere are 3 new transition effects in addition to the usual Slide: Fade, 3D Cube and 3D Coverflow
Two-way ControlNow Swiper may be used as controller for any number of other Swipers, and even be controlled at the same time
Full Navigation ControlSwiper comes with all required built-in navigation elements, such as Pagination, Navigation arrows and Scrollbar
Flexbox LayoutSwiper uses modern flexbox layout for slides layout, which solves a lot of problems and time with size caclulations. Such layout also allows configuring the Slides grid using pure CSS
Most Flexible Slides Layout GridSwiper has a lot of parameters on initialization to make it as flexible as possible. You can control slides per view, per column, per group, space between slides, and many more
Parallax TransitionsSwiper supports modern parallax transition effects that can be used on any element inside of Swiper: images, text blocks, headings, backgrounds, etc.
Images Lazy LoadingSwiper Lazy Loading delays loading of images in inactive/invisible slides until the user swipes to them. Such feature could make the page load faster and improve Swiper performance
Virtual SlidesSwiper comes with Virtual Slides feature that is great when you have a lot of slides or content-heavy/image-heavy slides so it will keep just the required amount of slides in DOM
And many more ...All Swiper well-known features are also here: Responsive, Scroll prevention, Resistant bounds, Autoplay, Loop mode, Nested Swipers
Swiper is completely free and open-source (MIT Licensed)
Premium Swiper templates & plugins for Swiper patrons
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