Ford disc harrows

Ford disc harrows DEFAULT

Franklin, GeorgiaI have a older model Ford 243 disc harrow. It has 28 disc on 11 inch spacing with furrow fillers on the back gangs It has 11 inch spacing on the front and back gangs. Can anyone tell me where I can find parts for this harrow. I can't find any 11 inch spacer spools for a 1-1/2 inch square axle. Shoup will make a custom axle to fit the harrow but no one has the spacer spools. Help!

west Nebraska northeast ColoradoHave you tried Sunflower? I know they made some of the Ford discs, not sure about the 243.

Franklin, GeorgiaFrom what I have been told White made this for Ford. I was told the part numbers are the same just drop off the first 3 letters in the Ford number.

Lone Wolf, OkI think he's right. White made implement s for ford tractor many years ago

SW “Ohia”MrBuck,

Look into spools for an Oliver 252. Shoup carried them not long ago. That should essentially be the same disc.

Some had round axles, some had square. Be sure to check application notes.

Otherwise, old Oliver discs are extraordinarily cheap. Might be ahead to buy a parts machine. Can't say I've ever seen one set on 11" spacing though. Can you post picture of it?

The 243 should be similar to a White/Oliver 265 disc harrow. I don't know if AGCO has any support for these models.

Pittstown, NJNew Holland shows available part # SBP238485B 11" spool.
AGCO shows available part # 237710B for the same part.

George Geddes patented this expandable harrow in about 1835.

Farmers liked this style of harrow in fields free of obstructions.

The spring steel teeth of this harrow effectively rip apart the soil.

Late in the 1800s, farm machinery companies marketed harrows comprised of rolling disks.

Today, planters that prevent erosion use discs like a disc harrow to help break the soil before planting the seeds.


“The best crops are raised with least labor…by breaking it up just before planting; and having rolled or bushed it, drag it with a harrow till it is mellow.”

Benjamin Sommers, Erie County Ohio farmer, December 10, 1850

American inventors sought to create machines that performed work efficiently.  Farmers wanted the most affordable and effective implement possible.  The earliest wooden and iron harrows used a triangular design.  This style arose out of necessity, as the first European-American settlers had difficulty removing stumps from their newly-established fields. Triangular harrows did not catch on the stumps, but rebounded away without damaging the tool or hurting the draft animals.  A later development by George Geddes allowed the legs of the harrow to expand or contract so that the harrow best fit the distance between rows of planted crops such as corn or tobacco.  Farmers adjusted the legs in or out so that a team of draft animals could pull this harrow between rows to remove weeds. 

As farm families cleared the stumps from the fields on the established farms or settled treeless regions like the prairies, harrows returned to traditional European styles or took on new designs.  Rectangular frame harrows made of wood, iron and, later, steel -- called “Scotch” or “spike tooth” harrows -- proved popular.  This type of harrow and variations on it remained in common use into the 1900s.  It is likely young Henry Ford walked behind a harrow similar to a Scotch harrow as he helped cultivate his father’s fields.

Changes in materials also contributed to new types of harrows.  By the 1880s, machinery companies manufactured “spring tooth” harrows.  These implements retained the rectangular frame of their predecessors, but used gracefully curved “spring steel” teeth that ripped the soil and broke apart the clods.  The spring steel teeth proved more durable than metal spikes as the material was less brittle than iron and conventional steel.   By the early 1900s, this type of harrow could be found in the machine sheds and fields of many American farmers. 

Contemporary with the spring tooth harrow, the disk harrow offered another design innovation.   Rolling steel discs cut and pulverized clods of dirt.  These harrows worked well in soil free of stones, as they severed the roots of any existing plant as the farmer prepared the field for planting.   Disc harrows often featured another convenience for the farmer: a seat!  Farmers increasingly farmed sitting down, eliminating some of the drudgery Henry Ford so disliked.

Farmers continue to use harrows, though not as much as in the past.  Harrows expose top soil to wind and water erosion.  Many mechanical planters used today incorporate rolling discs of the disc harrow to help break up the soil and open a small hole in the soil immediately before planting the seeds.  Rolling disks then cover the seeds.  These conservation tillage planters are now standard on the majority of farms in the United States .  The John Deere Company’s No-Till planter, manufactured in 1979, uses this system.

Henry Ford believed people can be inspired by ordinary objects.  These harrows inform us where we have been but, like Henry Ford, we hope they inspire you to change people’s lives.  Whether it be Thomas Edison’s electric light bulb, the Rosa Parks Bus, or a harrow from the 1850s, we can draw ideas from ordinary things and be inspired to create a better world.  

Leo Landis
Curator of Agriculture & Rural Life

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Ford ? Disc Harrow parts

Hey everyone, hoping to get confirmation that this is a Ford 205 Disc Harrow. The blue paint isn't original , but there are several layers of paint and they all appear to be blue. I'm looking for a manufacturer/model number to get a parts diagram, as I don't typically work on these and I like to have a good understanding of how they work, what's missing, recommended maintenance intervals, etc.
I know a lot of disc/harrow parts are interchangeable, but I'm hoping some of you can let me know where you get parts from. I don't have a ford dealer in town anymore. I need to replace a few of the slotted discs, and while I can find many online, none seem to have the rather large 3'' center hole. I also know not all discs are the same, so do any of the aftermarket brands or vendors on here make a better quality blade than another? I get worried when I see 14'' and 16" discs for $8.99, fearing the quality of the metal is just poor.

I have not used the disc enough to know if all the bearings are good, and several of the discs are loose, so hopefully I can get them tightened up once I get the new disc's installed.

Thanks for any and all help! IMG_6024.JPGIMG_6023 2.JPGIMG_6025.JPG


Harrows ford disc




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